Topic
Cleft Palate
Created by udent on 10/24/2010 10:29:42 PM

Cleft palate is a congenital anomaly that represents a split or gap at the roof (palate) of the mouth cavity. During developmental phase, a fetus possesses two portions of his palate, right and left. These two portions unite together to generate a complete palate. Due to any reason, if the palate would fail to do so, a slit or opening remains persistent at the roof. This aperture is called as cleft palate.


About Cleft Palate

Cleft Palate

Cleft palate is a congenital anomaly that represents a split or gap at the roof (palate) of the mouth cavity. During developmental phase, a fetus possesses two portions of his palate, right and left. These two portions unite together to generate a complete palate. Due to any reason, if the palate would fail to do so, a slit or opening remains persistent at the roof. This aperture is called as cleft palate.

Cleft plate creates a lot of problems during swallowing, breathing and eating. The other additional problems that could happen due to cleft palate include skeletal and dental deformities (missing teeth).

Causes of Cleft Palate

The cleft palate is a common anomaly and happens in almost every 1000th baby. Cleft palate could be hereditary problem or it could be due to some illness. Cleft palate starts to develop in fetus at 6 week’s pregnancy. The cause of cleft palate is not known, however; there are some studies which show that smoking, drinking, or taking medication during pregnancy could be the reason of this problem.

Cleft Palate Types

It has been evaluated that cleft palate happens due to malformation of the tissues of the roof of mouth cavity which could not fuse with each other. There are a lot of types of cleft palate and they are too much different in different babies. Some babies possess unilateral cleft palate which happens due to incorrect tissue formation. The second type of cleft palate which is more severe is called as bilateral cleft palate and if the gap reaches the nostrils, it is called as complete cleft.

There are many cases, in which a child is born with cleft palate, along with cleft lip and other problems as well. The treatment depends upon the patient’s condition and seriousness. In usual the surgery is deferred until the child would grow up to considerable age.

Treatment

The problem of cleft palate is tackled by the oral surgeons.  A surgery to close the cleft palate will be done before the age of 8 month's old.  However;  when a child reaches at the age of 8 or 10 years old a preliminary orthodontic treatment  is instituted for about nine months followed by another bone grafting surgery, the braces are kept  for almost 6 to eight months until full healing. 

 In order to correct the bite, orthodontic braces like Invisalign are applied when the child reaches at the age of 12 to 15 years. A child with a cleft palate may encounter social and emotional challenges unique to this condition. Local upport organizations are available for children with clefts and their families.

print
The article author disables the comment feature.
Topics Search