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What Is An Ultrasonic Scaler
Created by Lina Feng on 4/20/2016 3:06:51 AM

The periodontal industry has been witnessing the introduction of a myriad of new products. Many of the recognized brands are revolutionizing the industry and reducing the hand and wrist fatigue as well as tissue trauma. Ultrasonic scaler is the common hygiene and periodontal armamentarium and it is used by most dental professionals. The ultrasonic scaler is an air-driven device, which operates at a very low frequency.


The periodontal industry has been witnessing the introduction of a myriad of new products. Many of the recognized brands are revolutionizing the industry and reducing the hand and wrist fatigue as well as tissue trauma. Ultrasonic scaler is the common hygiene and periodontal armamentarium and it is used by most dental professionals. The ultrasonic scaler is an air-driven device, which operates at a very low frequency. This device is used for removing calculus from the tooth surface rapidly. The tip of the scaler vibrates and moves in an elliptical motion with an optimum frequency between 18-32kHz. Ultrasonic scaler tip movement is controlled by a low-voltage magnetic signal. The tip of the scaler moves in a back-and-forth motion and it works along the side of your tooth. Thus, it shaves off calculus and debris from your tooth. 


The use of ultrasonic scaler has improved the practice of periodontal debridement dramatically. The dentistry has been using ultrasonic technology for the past many decades. However, the recent improvements in this field are fast accepting because of their effectiveness. Ultrasonic scalers are highly beneficial for removing hard and soft deposits safely and efficiently. These instruments are also beneficial for detoxifying the areas being treated. 


The acoustic streaming that occurs concurrently when treating with ultrasonic scalers produces a constant flushing action. As a result, the scaler removes bacterial bio-film and loosens debris from the area effectively. When the vibrating tip of the ultrasonic scaler comes in contact with the fluid, it will lead to the creation of cavitation. This action leads to the formation of millions of bubbles. Shock waves are created due to implode of bubbles. It tears apart the cell wall of pathogens. Water passes through the tip of the scaler. Heat is generated at the tip during this process, so the tip should be kept moving over the teeth. 


It is not good to keep the tip on an individual tooth for more than 10 seconds. Pressing harder than one ounce of pressure must also be avoided strictly. When you press hard, the tip stops from vibrating. This will reduce the effectiveness of the tip. The concentration of heat in one area can lead to the possible lethal consequences for the pulp. Therefore, it is better to concentrate on a group of 3-4 teeth and scale them. This is highly helpful for preventing overheating on one tooth. 


Different shapes of scaling tips are available today. Some units allow interchangeable inserts that help you to perform various functions such as root planning, periodontal pocket management, and subgingival scaling. If the tip is very thinner, you will get a finer action. 


Ultrasonic tip spray is highly effective for eliminating dental plaque. You can remove dental plaque and calculi more effectively if you use ultrasonic instrumentation. It is also highly useful for reducing the time required for dental treatment. This device is also helpful for removing heavy deposits effectively. Scalers are excellent for removing stains. The tips of ultrasonic scalers are designed for penetrating deeper into periodontal pockets. So, it is more effective for cleaning even difficult nooks and crannies. Coolant sprays provide irrigation that improves healing by eliminating bacteria and the bi-products.

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